Charles is an independent director with a non-executive role. Charles was formerly a director of Mainland Capital Limited, also a licenced manager of managed investment schemes, specialising in funds management that included commercial property. He also held an executive position for six years at Perpetual Trust Limited with responsibility for funds management activities including equity, fixed income, cash, mortgage and superannuation funds. Charles now provides business consultancy services through his private company. Charles is also a member of the New Zealand Institute of Directors.